Document Type : Research article
Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Student Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Proteomics Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Cellular and Molecular Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Severe physical activity leads to a sharp increase in free radicals, an oxidative stress, inflammation, and tissue damage. Resveratrol as one of the antioxidants can be effective in preventing the effects of oxidative stress. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the effect of trans-resveratrol supplementation and training exercise on inflammation-related factors.
Sixty-four male Wistar rats were divided into six groups, each group consisting of 16 animals: 1) excursive + trans-resveratrol, 2) exercise group, 3) trans-resveratrol group, and 4) control group. Following the familiarizationsessions, a more consistent protocol with an intensity of 65% vo2 max was performed for 12 weeks. Afterward, half of the mice in each group received acute exercise training with an intensity of 70-75% of vo2 max at the age of 20 weeks, until reaching the disability level. Finally, the levels of inflammatory markers were measured using special kits.
Our findings depicted that inflammatory factors such as CPR, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-7 were not affected by endurance protocol (P > 0.05), whereas, they were significantly increased by acute exercise training (P > 0.05). Additionally, we found that RES supplements led to a decrease in CPR and IL-6 levels, while not affecting TNF-α and IL-17 levels.
According to available evidence, RES appears to have anti-inflammatory and protective effects during exercise by reducing inflammatory factors. Further studies are required to clarify the role of trans-resveratrol supplementation after exercise training.